Lower, Mark A (1860) Patronymica Britannica: a dictionary of the family names of the United Kingdom. London: J.R. Smith. Public Domain.
We don't have any stats on how common this name is. This is probably because it's very rare in the UK.
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The Esdaile surname in historical dictionaries
Patronymica Britannica (1860)
ESDAILE. "At the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 1GS5, the ancestor of this family, descended from an honourable house, then i-epresented by the Baron D'Estaile, being a Protestant, fled from France, and lived and died in obscurity in England." Such is the account in B.L.G., which, however, shows no connection between the existing family and the refugee. The name appears to be derived either from Eskdale in Cumberland, or from Eskdaleside, co. York.